Lance Wallace, Environmental Protection Agency; Phone: (703) 341-7509
Excerpts from "Health Hazard Information"
References: Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Principal chemicals found in scented products are:
In cologne, dishwashing liquid and detergent, nail enamel remover
On EPA, RCRA, CERCLA Hazardous Waste lists.
"Inhalation can cause dryness of the mouth and throat; dizziness, nausea, incoordination, slurred speech, drowsiness, and, in severe exposures, coma."
"Acts primarily as a central nervous system (CNS) depressant."
In perfume, cologne, hairspray, laundry bleach, deodorants, detergent, vaseline lotion, shaving cream, shampoo, bar soap, dishwasher detergent
Narcotic. Sensitizer. "Local anesthetic, CNS depressant... irritation to the mouth, throat, eyes, skin, lungs, and GI tract, causing nausea and abdominal pain."
"May cause kidney damage."
"Do not use with contact lenses."
In perfume, cologne, shampoo, fabric softener, stickup air freshener, dishwashing liquid and detergent, soap, hairspray, bleach, after shave, deodorants
Carcinogenic (linked to pancreatic cancer).
"From vapors: irritating to eyes and respiratory passages, exciting cough."
"In mice: hyperanemia of the lungs."
"Can be absorbed through the skin causing systemic effects."
"Do not flush to sewer."
In perfume, cologne, soap, shampoo, nail enamel remover, air freshener, laundry bleach and detergent, vaseline lotion, deodorants, fabric softener
"Irritating to the upper respiratory tract...headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, drop in blood pressure, CNS depression, and death in severe cases due to respiratory failure."
In perfume, shaving cream, nail enamel, fabric softener, dishwasher detergent, nail color, stickup air freshener
"Local irritant and CNS stimulant" ..."readily absorbed through body tissues" ..."irritation of eyes, nose and throat" ..."dizziness, confusion, nausea, twitching muscles and convulsions."
"Avoid inhalation of vapors."
In perfume, hairspray, shampoo, fabric softener, dishwashing liquid and detergent, laundry detergent, shaving cream, soap, vaseline lotion, air fresheners, nail color and remover, paint and varnish remover
On EPA Hazardous Waste list.
Symptoms: "...fatigue; irritating to eyes and upper respiratory tract even in low concentrations..." "Inhalation of ethanol vapors can have effects similar to those characteristic of ingestion. These include an initial stimulatory effect followed by drowsiness, impaired vision, ataxia, stupor..."
Causes CNS disorder.
In after shave, cologne, perfume, shampoo, nail color, nail enamel remover, fabric softener, dishwashing liquid
On EPA Hazardous Waste list; "...irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract" ..."may cause headache and narcosis (stupor)" ..."defatting effect on skin and may cause drying and cracking" ..."may cause anemia with leukocytosis and damage to liver and kidneys."
"Wash thoroughly after handling."
In perfume, cologne, disinfectant spray, bar soap, shaving cream, deodorants, nail color and remover, fabric softener, dishwashing liquid, air fresheners, after shave, bleach, paint and varnish remover
"Prevent its contact with skin or eyes because it is an irritant and sensitizer."
"Always wash thoroughly after using this material and before eating, drinking, ...applying cosmetics. Do not inhale limonene vapor."
In perfume, cologne, bar soap, shampoo, hand lotion, nail enamel remover, hairspray, laundry detergent, dishwashing liquid, vaseline lotion, air fresheners, bleach powder, fabric softener, shaving cream, after shave, solid deodorant
"Respiratory disturbances" ... "Attracts bees." "In animal tests: ataxic gait, reduced spontaneous motor activity and depression ... development of respiratory disturbances leading to death." ..."depressed frog-heart activity."
Causes CNS disorder.
In shampoo, cologne, paint and varnish remover
Banned by the FDA in 1988! No enforcement possible due to trade secret laws protecting chemical fragrance industry. On EPA, RCRA, CERCLA Hazardous Waste lists. "Carcinogenic" ..."Absorbed, stored in body fat, it metabolizes to carbon monoxide, reducing oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood." "Headache, giddiness, stupor, irritability, fatigue, tingling in the limbs."
Causes CNS disorder.
In bar and liquid soap, cologne, perfume, shaving cream, deodorants, dishwashing liquid, air freshener
Sensitizer (damaging to the immune system).
In cologne, perfume, soap, shaving cream, deodorant, air freshener
"Causes asthma and CNS disorders."
In perfume, cologne, laundry detergent, bleach powder, laundry bleach, fabric softener, stickup air freshener, vaseline lotion, cologne, soap, hairspray, after shave, roll-on deodorant
"Highly irritating to mucous membranes"... "Aspiration into the lungs can produce pneumonitis or even fatal edema." Can also cause "excitement, ataxia (loss of muscular coordination), hypothermia, CNS and respiratory depression, and headache."
"Prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact."
Author was not able to secure MSDS for the following chemicals: 1,8-CINEOLE; b-CITRONELLOL; b-MYRCENE; NEROL; OCIMENE; b-PHENETHYL ALCOHOL; a-TERPINOLENE.
95% of chemicals used in fragrances are synthetic compounds derived from petroleum. They include benzene derivatives, aldehydes and many other known toxics and sensitizers—capable of causing cancer, birth defects, central nervous system disorders and allergic reactions.
- Neurotoxins: At Home and the Workplace, Report by the Committee on Science & Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, Sept. 16, 1986. (Report 99-827)
Central Nervous System disorders (brain and spine) include Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson's Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
Chloroform was found in tests of fabric softeners: EPA's 1991 study.
A room containing an air freshener had high levels of p-dichlorobenzene (a carcinogen) and ethanol: EPA's 1991 study.
An FDA analysis (1968-1972) of 138 compounds used in cosmetics that most frequently involved adverse reactions identified five chemicals that are among the 20 most commonly used in the 31 fragrance products tested by the EPA in 1991:
- Thirty-three million Americans suffer from sinusitis (inflammation or infection of sinus passages).
- Twelve million Americans have asthma. Asthma and asthma deaths have increased over 30% in the past 10 years.
- Headaches cost $50 billion in lost productivity and medical expenses and 157 million lost work days in 1991. "Focus on Fragrance and Health," by Louise Kosta, The Human Ecologist, Fall 1992.
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The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.